Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Mansehra (2016)

Pakistan, 2016
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Mansehra
Principal Investigator
Muhammad Zahid Jadoon
Trainer
Muhammad Zahid Jadoon
RAAB version
RAAB6
Diabetic retinopathy
Yes
Disability module
No

Vision impairment

Prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Blind
2 782
1.9
1.4 - 2.4
2 493
1.7
1.2 - 2.3
5 274
1.8
1.4 - 2.3
Severe
8 051
5.6
4.3 - 6.8
8 066
5.6
4.3 - 6.9
16 117
5.6
4.4 - 6.7
Moderate
28 867
19.9
16.4 - 23.5
23 001
15.9
12.6 - 19.3
51 868
17.9
14.8 - 21.1
Mild
25 628
17.7
15.5 - 19.9
26 330
18.2
15.9 - 20.5
51 959
18.0
16.2 - 19.7

Cataract

Operable cataract prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
<3/60
402
0.3
0.0 - 0.5
558
0.4
0.2 - 0.6
960
0.3
0.2 - 0.5
<6/60
4 438
3.1
2.1 - 4.1
4 105
2.8
2.1 - 3.6
8 543
3.0
2.2 - 3.7
<6/18
18 385
12.7
10.2 - 15.2
14 710
10.2
7.7 - 12.6
33 095
11.4
9.3 - 13.6
<6/12
25 372
17.5
14.5 - 20.5
22 559
15.6
12.4 - 18.8
47 931
16.6
13.8 - 19.3

Cataract surgical coverage (CSC) (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
%
95% CI
%
95% CI
%
95% CI
CSC<3/60
-
95.7
87.5 - 100.0
-
94.3
89.1 - 89.1
-
95.0
91.5 - 99.9
CSC<6/60
-
69.1
55.0 - 83.2
-
70.3
61.8 - 78.8
-
69.7
60.9 - 77.3
CSC<6/18
-
39.7
31.4 - 48.0
-
43.3
35.4 - 51.1
-
41.3
34.3 - 45.1
CSC<6/12
-
32.8
26.2 - 39.3
-
33.8
27.9 - 39.8
-
33.3
28.6 - 37.0

Effective cataract surgical coverage (eCSC) (age-sex adjusted)

The RAAB research team are in the process of concluding a formal analysis of eCSC with the World Health Organization and the Vision Loss Expert Group. eCSC results will be available on the repository in 2022.

Refractive error

Vision impairing refractive error is defined as presenting VA less than 6/12 improving to 6/12 with pinhole. Use of presenting VA accounts for the prevalence of uncorrected or undercorrected refractive error only.

Vision impairing refractive error prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Blind
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
Severe
346
0.2
0.1 - 0.4
131
0.1
0.0 - 0.2
477
0.2
0.1 - 0.3
Moderate
5 792
4.0
2.8 - 5.2
3 638
2.5
1.6 - 3.5
9 430
3.3
2.4 - 4.1
Mild
19 317
13.3
11.4 - 15.3
19 370
13.4
11.6 - 15.2
38 687
13.4
12.0 - 14.7

Effective refractive error coverage (eREC) (age-sex adjusted)

The RAAB research team are in the process of concluding a formal analysis of eREC with the World Health Organization and the Vision Loss Expert Group. eREC results will be available on the repository in 2022.

Notes

Vision impairment categories defined according to WHO thresholds using presenting visual acuity in the better eye.

All prevalence and coverage estimates are adjusted to the age and gender distribution of the population 50 years and older in the survey area.

All 95% confidence intervals adjusted to account for the cluster design of the survey.