Indonesia, West Java (2014)

Indonesia, 2014
West Java
Principal Investigator
Syumarti Mansur
Trainer
Nina Ratnaningsih
Sample size
3000
Response rate
94.7%
RAAB version
RAAB6
Diabetic retinopathy
No
Disability module
No

Vision impairment

Prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Blind
111 607
3.4
2.4 - 4.4
69 058
2.1
1.1 - 3.1
180 665
2.8
2.0 - 3.6
Severe
49 891
1.5
0.9 - 2.2
27 650
0.9
0.2 - 1.5
77 542
1.2
0.7 - 1.7
Moderate
257 224
7.9
6.1 - 9.7
214 134
6.6
4.2 - 8.9
471 358
7.2
5.6 - 8.8
Mild
258 452
7.9
6.4 - 9.4
222 997
6.9
5.2 - 8.5
481 449
7.4
6.3 - 8.5

Cataract

Operable cataract prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
<3/60
64 540
2.0
1.2 - 2.7
17 155
0.5
0.0 - 1.1
81 694
1.3
0.8 - 1.8
<6/60
75 398
2.3
1.6 - 3.1
24 240
0.7
0.1 - 1.4
99 637
1.5
1.0 - 2.1
<6/18
186 082
5.7
4.5 - 7.0
75 098
2.3
1.0 - 3.6
261 180
4.0
2.9 - 5.1
<6/12
274 701
8.4
6.7 - 10.1
167 991
5.2
3.2 - 7.2
442 692
6.8
5.2 - 8.4

Cataract surgical coverage (CSC) (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
%
95% CI
%
95% CI
%
95% CI
CSC<3/60
-
37.8
23.5 - 52.1
-
67.4
47.6 - 47.6
-
47.8
26.4 - 49.2
CSC<6/60
-
36.0
23.4 - 48.5
-
61.9
42.5 - 81.3
-
45.1
25.7 - 46.2
CSC<6/18
-
19.6
12.6 - 26.6
-
44.3
28.6 - 60.0
-
28.7
12.8 - 26.5
CSC<6/12
-
15.0
10.0 - 20.0
-
27.8
17.5 - 38.1
-
20.4
10.2 - 19.8

Effective cataract surgical coverage (eCSC) (age-sex adjusted)

The RAAB research team are in the process of concluding a formal analysis of eCSC with the World Health Organization and the Vision Loss Expert Group. eCSC results will be available on the repository in 2022.

Refractive error

Vision impairing refractive error is defined as presenting VA less than 6/12 improving to 6/12 with pinhole. Use of presenting VA accounts for the prevalence of uncorrected or undercorrected refractive error only.

Vision impairing refractive error prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Blind
1 818
0.1
0.0 - 0.2
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
1 818
0.0
0.0 - 0.1
Severe
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
Moderate
47 718
1.5
0.8 - 2.1
19 170
0.6
0.0 - 1.1
66 889
1.0
0.6 - 1.5
Mild
171 388
5.3
4.2 - 6.3
144 838
4.5
2.9 - 6.0
316 226
4.9
4.0 - 5.8

Effective refractive error coverage (eREC) (age-sex adjusted)

The RAAB research team are in the process of concluding a formal analysis of eREC with the World Health Organization and the Vision Loss Expert Group. eREC results will be available on the repository in 2022.

Notes

Vision impairment categories defined according to WHO thresholds using presenting visual acuity in the better eye.

All prevalence and coverage estimates are adjusted to the age and gender distribution of the population 50 years and older in the survey area.

All 95% confidence intervals adjusted to account for the cluster design of the survey.