Egypt, Sohag (2019)

Egypt, 2019
Sohag
Principal Investigator
Heba Al Sawahli
Trainer
Caleb Mpyet
Sample size
4078
Response rate
98.9%
RAAB version
RAAB6
Diabetic retinopathy
Yes
Disability module
No

Vision impairment

Prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Blind
20 598
6.9
5.2 - 8.5
16 119
4.9
3.8 - 6.0
36 717
5.9
4.8 - 6.9
Severe
19 177
6.4
4.7 - 8.0
10 466
3.2
2.4 - 4.0
29 643
4.7
3.8 - 5.7
Moderate
66 352
22.1
19.6 - 24.6
52 093
15.9
13.5 - 18.4
118 444
18.9
16.8 - 21.0
Mild
56 793
18.9
16.9 - 20.9
54 660
16.7
14.6 - 18.8
111 453
17.8
16.1 - 19.4

Cataract

Operable cataract prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
<3/60
4 304
1.4
0.7 - 2.2
3 179
1.0
0.5 - 1.4
7 484
1.2
0.8 - 1.6
<6/60
9 241
3.1
2.1 - 4.1
5 515
1.7
1.1 - 2.3
14 756
2.4
1.8 - 2.9
<6/18
26 381
8.8
7.0 - 10.5
19 207
5.9
4.5 - 7.2
45 589
7.3
6.1 - 8.5
<6/12
36 697
12.2
10.2 - 14.2
30 277
9.3
7.4 - 11.1
66 973
10.7
9.1 - 12.2

Cataract surgical coverage (CSC) (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
%
95% CI
%
95% CI
%
95% CI
CSC<3/60
-
90.3
85.9 - 94.8
-
89.2
85.5 - 85.5
-
89.9
87.3 - 93.3
CSC<6/60
-
82.1
77.1 - 87.1
-
83.9
79.7 - 88.1
-
82.8
78.8 - 85.5
CSC<6/18
-
64.2
58.8 - 69.6
-
64.7
59.5 - 70.0
-
64.4
60.3 - 68.1
CSC<6/12
-
57.5
52.2 - 62.8
-
56.3
50.9 - 61.6
-
56.9
53.6 - 61.4

Effective cataract surgical coverage (eCSC) (age-sex adjusted)

The RAAB research team are in the process of concluding a formal analysis of eCSC with the World Health Organization and the Vision Loss Expert Group. eCSC results will be available on the repository in 2022.

Refractive error

Vision impairing refractive error is defined as presenting VA less than 6/12 improving to 6/12 with pinhole. Use of presenting VA accounts for the prevalence of uncorrected or undercorrected refractive error only.

Vision impairing refractive error prevalence (age-sex adjusted)

Female
Male
Total
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Extrapolated magnitude
%
95% CI
Blind
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
169
0.1
0.0 - 0.1
169
0.0
0.0 - 0.1
Severe
0
0.0
0.0 - 0.0
461
0.1
0.0 - 0.3
461
0.1
0.0 - 0.2
Moderate
11 612
3.9
2.6 - 5.1
6 653
2.0
1.4 - 2.7
18 265
2.9
2.2 - 3.7
Mild
32 842
10.9
9.0 - 12.9
29 580
9.0
7.4 - 10.7
62 422
9.9
8.5 - 11.4

Effective refractive error coverage (eREC) (age-sex adjusted)

The RAAB research team are in the process of concluding a formal analysis of eREC with the World Health Organization and the Vision Loss Expert Group. eREC results will be available on the repository in 2022.

Notes

Vision impairment categories defined according to WHO thresholds using presenting visual acuity in the better eye.

All prevalence and coverage estimates are adjusted to the age and gender distribution of the population 50 years and older in the survey area.

All 95% confidence intervals adjusted to account for the cluster design of the survey.